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Platelet Antibody Screen (Indirect)

Test code(s) 94303

This test is an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) designed to screen for anti-IgG/A/M antibodies to 1) HLA class I and platelet glycoprotein (GP) IV antigens and 2) polymorphic epitopes on the platelet glycoproteins IIb/IIIa, Ib/IX, and Ia/IIa.

This test can be useful to identify platelet refractoriness due to the development of the specific antibodies to platelet-specific or HLA class I antigens as a result of pregnancy or transfusion. In addition, this test may be useful in the diagnosis of neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (NAIT) and help differentiate post-transfusion purpura from other causes of thrombocytopenia.  Typically, platelet antibody testing is performed after a clinical suspicion of development of a platelet alloantibody.

The results of this assay should not be used as the sole basis for a clinical decision. Reaction patterns should not be used as the sole basis to establish the platelet antibody identity. Results obtained using this assay should be used in conjunction with clinical findings or other serological tests.

An indeterminate result indicates that the sample was reactive toward human platelet antigen (HPA) 5a and 5b within GPIa/IIa. This pattern of reactivity is not consistent with an alloantibody response and may indicate the presence of auto-antibodies, non-specific binding, or other unknown causes. Correlation with clinical and other laboratory findings is necessary for interpretation.

The designation of “weak” positive is based on the observation that the color development is just above the cut-off for positivity. This finding reflects either low titer antibodies or possibly non-specific binding. Correlation with clinical and other laboratory findings is necessary for interpretation. Exogenous infusion of immunoglobulin (IG)-containing medications may also result in weak reactions.  

A pan-reactive pattern indicates that multiple platelet and/or HLA antibodies are detectable. This may indicate the presence of auto-antibodies, non-specific binding, or other unknown causes. Exogenous infusion of immunoglobulin (IG)-containing medications may yield a pan-reactive pattern. Results from patients on IVIG therapy should be evaluated carefully in light of this limitation.

No. This test has not been evaluated for the detection of autoantibodies to platelet antigens, as is seen in immune (idiopathic) thrombocytopenic purpura.

Not necessarily. A negative result may mean that low-titer, low-avidity antibodies are present or possibly that low-incidence HLA class I antibodies are present. In rare instances, other anti-platelet and HLA antibody detection methods may better detect these antibodies.



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This FAQ is provided for informational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice. A clinician’s test selection and interpretation, diagnosis, and patient management decisions should be based on his/her education, clinical expertise, and assessment of the patient.

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Effective 05/31/2017 to present