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Test Name

HLA Typing for Celiac Disease

CPT Code(s)

81382 (x2), 81376 (x2)

Includes

HLA-DQ2 (DQA1*05/DQB1*02), HLA-DQ8 (DQA1*03/DQB1*0302), HLA-DQA1*, HLA-DQB1*

Methodology

Polymerase Chain Reaction Amplification followed by Sequence Specific Oligonucleotide Probes (PCR-SSO)

Reference Range(s)

See Laboratory Report

Clinical Significance

Celiac disease is a multigenic immune-mediated enteropathy triggered by dietary proteins, commonly known as glutens, present in wheat, barley, and rye. Varied clinical manifestations begin either in childhood or adult life. Its prevalence in the united states ranges from 0.5 to 1%. Celiac disease is strongly associated with the HLA genetic region. Approximately 90% of celiac patients express the HLA-DQ2 molecule. Most of the DQ2 negative patients express the HLA-DQ8 molecule. Gluten peptides presented by these HLA molecules induce an abnormal mucosal immune response and tissue damage.  The HLA-DQ molecules are heterodimers of an alpha and a beta chain. The beta chain of HLA-DQ2 is coded by HLA-DQB1*02 and of DQ8 by HLA-DQB1*0302. HLA-DQB1 genotyping allows clinicians to evaluate the genetic predisposition for celiac disease in a patient.

To view specimen requirements and codes please Select a regional laboratory.

Not sure which laboratory serves your office? Call us 866-MYQUEST (866-697-8378)

Reference ranges are provided as general guidance only. To interpret test results use the reference range in the laboratory report.

The CPT codes provided are based on AMA guidelines and are for informational purposes only. CPT coding is the sole responsibility of the billing party. Please direct any questions regarding coding to the payer being billed.

* The tests listed by specialist are a select group of tests offered. For a complete list of Quest Diagnostics tests, please refer to our Directory of Services.

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HLA Typing for Celiac Disease
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