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2 mL frozen plasma collected in an EDTA (lavender-top) tube
Collect blood from stasis-free vein of patient (e.g., no tourniquet). Patient should not clench fist during collection, as muscular exertion often increases venous ammonia levels. Patient should avoid smoking prior to phlebotomy since smoking increases plasma ammonia levels. Tubes should be filled completely and kept tightly stoppered at all times. Place immediately on ice. Separate plasma from cells within 20 minutes and freeze plasma immediately.
Plastic screw-cap vial
Room temperature: Unacceptable
Frozen -20° C: 72 hours
Frozen -70° C: 7 days
Hemolysis • Lipemia • Received thawed • PPT Potassium EDTA (white-top) tube
|Quest Diagnostics Nichols Institute|
|14225 Newbrook Drive|
|Chantilly, VA 20153|
Set up: Mon-Sat a.m., night, Sun night; Report available: Next day
Ammonia is one of the by-products of protein metabolism. Elevated blood ammonia levels have been associated with severe liver dysfunction such as hepatic encephalopathy, coma resulting from cirrhosis, severe hepatitis, Reye's syndrome, and drug hepatotoxicity. Also, elevated blood ammonia has been reported in cardiac failure, azotemia, and pulmonary emphysema. Correlation between plasma ammonia and the degree of encephalopathy can be erratic.
Reference ranges are provided as general guidance only. To interpret test results use the reference range in the laboratory report.
(The CPT codes provided are based on AMA guidelines and are for informational purposes only. CPT coding is the sole responsibility of the billing party. Please direct any questions regarding coding to the payer being billed.)
* The tests listed by specialist are a select group of tests offered. For a complete list of Quest Diagnostics tests, please refer to our Directory of Services.