Prediabetes risk factors
People can have prediabetes for years but have no clear symptoms. That's why it often goes undetected until serious health problems show up.
Prediabetes risk factors include:
The more fat you have, the more serious your risk. And the risk is even higher if that extra weight is mostly around your stomach, particularly if you are:
- A man whose waist circumference is more than 40 inches
- A non-pregnant woman whose waist circumference is more than 35 inches
Being physically active less than 3 times per week increases your risk of prediabetes.
You can get prediabetes at any age. But the risk goes up as you get older, especially if you are older than 45.
- Family history
Your risk is higher if your parent, brother, or sister has type 2 diabetes.
Rates among high-risk ethnicities diagnosed with diabetes are as follows1:
- Native American/Alaskan Natives (15.9%)
- Non-Hispanic blacks (13.2%)
- Hispanic/Latinos (12.8%)
- Asian-Americans (9.0%)
- Gestational diabetes
If you had gestational diabetes when you were pregnant, or if your baby weighed more than 9 pounds, you have a higher risk of prediabetes.
If you think you might have prediabetes, take the prediabetes quiz and talk to your doctor. Your doctor might ask you to take a simple blood test. It’s the only way to confirm you have prediabetes.
Handy tools to help you take charge
| Test preparation and scheduling |
Read these tips on preparing for a prediabetes test.
| Appointment Scheduler |
You can remotely schedule, review, change, or cancel any appointment with the Quest Appointment Scheduler.
| MyQuest™ |
Get convenient access to your health information and test results, anytime and anywhere, with MyQuest.
| Lifestyle-change programs |
Find a CDC-recognized diabetes prevention lifestyle-change program that supports patients with prediabetes.
1. American Diabetes Association. Statistics About Diabetes. Available at www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/statistics/. Accessed November 2, 2016.